What you need to know about the 2016-2017 Parent Plus Loan

Summer is student lending season, as many are preparing to handle bill payment leading up to the new fall semester.  This can be a stressful time for parents managing an outstanding balance for college, especially if it’s a larger bill than hoped for.

July Parent Plus
Few more weeks, then back to school!

Even after scholarships and financial aid are made available, it’s not uncommon for families to rely on a Parent Plus loan to supplement the remainder of the bill.  Here are a few key things to consider when applying.

Interest Rate: For the 2016-2017 year, Parent Plus carries a 6.31%.  This is actually a lower rate when compared to prior years in this federal program.  It’s also a fixed rate loan meaning that the rate will not go up or down.  There has been ongoing discussion about the pros and cons of fixed rate loans given the very low interest rate environment of the past several years.  While locking in a fixed rate provides the security of a very predictable repayment process, if the fixed rate is rather high, it also guarantees the interest costs during repayment. It’s a matter of personal preference, but Parent Plus is only using a fixed rate.

Origination Fee: 4.276% This is an area of concern as a 4.276% origination fee seems pretty high for most consumers, especially when compared to other financial products. (Imagine if a mortgage had a similar fee…) The fee is taken out of the gross loan amount, actually reducing the loan disbursement to the school.  So if you apply for a $10,000 disbursement in the Fall semester, $427.60 is deducted from the amount, leaving $9,572.40 to pay the account.

Credit Criteria: The only requirement is that the parent borrower not have “adverse credit history.” This is defined as not having any 90+ day delinquencies on more than $2,085 in debt and not having any loan defaults, bankruptcy discharges, foreclosures, repossessions, tax liens, wage garnishments or had a federal student loan write-off during the past five years.  This allows for many to gain approval for the Parent Plus loan, as the application approval does not depend on the borrowers actual credit score or debt-to-income ratio.

Who is the lender? The lender is the Department of Education through the Direct Loans Program.  This is a government based student loan program.

What happens if denied?   When a parent is denied for Parent Plus, the student becomes eligible for an increase in Direct Unsubsidized Loans in the amount of $4,000 for freshman and sophomores and $5,000 for juniors and seniors.  Immediately inform the office of financial aid of the circumstances to coordinate the increased direct loan in the student’s name.  This has been an especially helpful way for some students to gain additional funding to cover a small balance when necessary.

More Parent Plus Tips:

Run a loan repayment calculation to estimate costs: It’s always a good idea to be aware of of future loan payments to make sure they fit in the budget. For example a $10,000 Parent Plus loan at 6.31% would require monthly payments $112 and cost about $3,509 in interest. If your a parent of a new freshman, take those figures and project them over the next 4 years.  You can quickly estimate about $40,000 in total loan disbursements, about $450 per month in payments and about $14,000 in total interest over total repayment, and that’s if the interest rate stays at 6.31%.  Remember to always look at the big picture of debt and consider what’s needed for the whole education, not just one year.

Increase the Parent Plus loan amount to compensate for origination fee: As noted earlier, the origination fee is deducted from the gross loan amount, reducing the actual disbursement to the school.  If using Parent Plus, make sure to increase the loan amount so that it can still cover the bill even after the fee is removed.  This avoids an end of semester problem of having an unpaid balance that everyone thought would be covered by the Plus Loan.  Some families end up scrambling for an extra $500 in cash just to pay that bill and get cleared for next semesters registration.  Instead, make it easy and apply for a larger loan.  If the school receives more loan money than needed, they can send the excess in the form of a refund check to the parent, and they can then make a payment to Direct Loans to lower the loan balance.

Compare to private loans or home equity: You have options.  Private loans are provided by banks and financial institutions and may offer an appealing program for some families.  They do have more stringent credit standards using the student as a primary borrower with a parent as a cosigner to establish approval. Some families prefer the private loan because it allows the parent the opportunity to utilize a cosigner release from the application once the student borrower makes a certain number of on-time payments after graduation. Not all lenders offer cosigner release, so pay close attention and compare during your application process. This differs from Parent Plus, that remains only in the parent name until repayment is achieved.  Home equity is another option for some families, especially where low rates can be made available.  This should be handled with care, as putting up home equity comes with it’s own unique risks as well.  Additionally, the debt would only remain with the original parent borrower, there would be no easy way to transfer the total debt back to the student like in a private loan with cosigner release.

 

 

 

 

 

Let’s help college students land on their feet like Fearless Felix

Meet “Fearless” Felix Baumgartner (“Jump” image from Flickr) – an Australian daredevil. Fearless Felix participated in the Red Bull Stratos Project. He rode a helium balloon into the stratosphere – 24 miles up and should be an inspiration for all of us to ask why all college grads can’t be more like him and land on their feet after their diploma hits their hand.Felix_Baumgartner_2013 Wikipedia

After saying,  “I’m coming home,”   Felix casually leaned forward to begin his descent from the high altitude balloon. And what a descent it was:

  • He was in free fall for 4 minutes and 19 seconds.
  • Reached a speed of 843.6 miles per hour – that’s Mach 1.25.
  • He caused a sonic boom – by himself – the first person ever to break the sound barrier without the aid of a vehicle.
  • He also came out of a death spiral. The engineers who modeled his free fall realized that at some point he would start spinning out of control, which had to be stopped in order to deploy the parachute on his back. So they taught him how to right himself if this were to happen.

Watch the You Tube videos of this. It’s mesmerizing and was motivational for me.

After:

  • two years of planning,
  • 2 test jumps,
  • many visits to a sports psychologist to overcome his one fear – claustrophobia, and
  • 1 delayed jump due to bad weather

On October 14, 2012, Felix:

  • jumped from 127,852 feet
  • controlled his in-flight wobble that could easily have resulted in his death
  • and proceeded to land on his feet.

A perfect landing. An Olympic gymnast would have been in awe.

So I have to ask you: How is it that we can dedicate that kind of ingenuity to accomplish such an audacious goal, but we can’t seem to find a way to have our college graduates land on their feet: with a degree, a well-paying job and if they need some loans, with a debt burden that is manageable.   It boggles my mind.

We’ll discuss this in more detail in later posts, but here’s a start for families trying to achieve their dreams of a college education for their children.

Parents and students should recognize that colleges are a business with two primary goals  for admitting next year’s class:

  • Maximize net tuition revenue
  • assemble a diverse class that competes favorably against peer institutions, is well-balanced with a talented pool of matriculants, and will make the class, the administration, the faculty and the alumni proud.

Too often families take a “damn the torpedos” approach and borrow whatever they need for “the best” brand name college    Families that resist basing this important decision mostly on emotion and instead act like traditional consumers — in this case of education — have a much better chance of a college graduate who lands on their feet.  Here’s a simple formula for success for families:

  • Be realistic, college is not for everyone.  Is it the student’s dream, or at least strong desire, to attend college?  Is the student properly motivated to be successful or are they fulfilling what they perceive to be someone else’s dream: a parent, guardian or guidance counselor?  Sometimes delaying college of a year or two, or not attending, is a a better choice than starting, only to drop out.
  • Determine what type of school best fits the student’s needs. Cost aside for this moment, a  4 year private college may be the right answer for many, but not all – particularly the very most selective which admit fewer than 10% of the applicants. Community colleges give many students a terrific start.  Public colleges offer excellent learning environments that are the ticket to success for many students.  The key is finding the best academic and social fit for that particular student.
  • Select a school in that spectrum that is affordable.  There is no magic formula for affordability but a one litmus test:  will the student and/or parent be required to take debt in order for the student to attend?  If so, will the student’s potential post-graduate job prospects likely pay enough to repay the debt. Likewise, is parental debt affordable based on income?  Is the parent’s debt burden affecting their retirement savings?
  • Have these conversations early and over time — starting as early as ninth grade with general thoughts and become increasingly concrete as the student’s record of achievement in high school takes shape, test scores come in, college visits are made and the student’s desires sharpen.  The earlier you start and the franker the discussion you can have, the greater opportunity you  will have to manage expectations and provide our son or daughter with practical advice that they will hopefully listen to.

Following these steps will help high school seniors select a school that is right for them academically and financially ,and will substantial increase the odds that they will land on their feet with a degree, a well-paying job, and student loans, if necessary, that are manageable.